Article Text

PDF
Food engorgement in 35 dogs (2009–2013) compared with 36 dogs with gastric dilation and volvulus
  1. Lisa Smart, BVSc, DACVECC1,
  2. Shona Reese, BSc, BVMS, MS, DACVR2 and
  3. Giselle Hosgood, BVSc, PhD, FACVSc, DACVS1
  1. 1School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia, Australia
  2. 2Vet Imaging Specialists, Murdoch, Western Australia, Australia
  1. E-mail for correspondence; l.smart{at}murdoch.edu.au

Abstract

The clinical features and management of food engorgement (FE) in dogs have not been previously described. This retrospective observational study describes characteristics and outcome of 35 dogs with FE, and compares features on presentation to 36 dogs with gastric dilation and volvulus (GDV). Cases were retrospectively reviewed for history, clinical findings and outcome. Gastric distension was measured by caudal gastric margin (CGM), level with lumbar vertebrae, on a lateral abdominal radiograph. Frequent characteristics of dogs with FE included tachycardia, tachypnoea, hyperproteinaemia, increased base excess (BE), mild hypernatraemia and hyperlactataemia. There was overlap in CGM between dogs with GDV (CGM range L3 to >L6) and dogs with FE (CGM range <L2 to L5–L6). In contrast to dogs with GDV, lactate concentration in dogs with FE was not associated with CGM or BE. Dogs with FE mostly received medical intervention consisting of fluid therapy and analgesia, and all dogs survived to discharge. In conclusion, dogs with FE frequently presented with acid-base and electrolyte derangements, including hyperlactataemia. While dogs with FE can have gastric distension as severe as that seen with GDV, outcome with supportive care only is excellent.

  • gastrointestinal
  • emergency medicine
  • abdominal

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • This study was presented in abstract form as a poster at the International Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Symposium, Indianapolis, 2014.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.