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Effect of peritoneal lavage solution temperature on body temperature in anaesthetised cats and small dogs
  1. D. C. Barnes, MA, VetMB, CertSAS, DipECVS, MRCVS1,
  2. E. A. Leece, BVSc, CVA, DipECVAA, MRCVS2,
  3. T. A Trimble, BVM, BVS, BVMedSci, MRCVS3 and
  4. J. L. Demetriou, BVetMed, CertSAS, DipECVS, MRCVS1
  1. 1Dick White Referrals, Station Farm, London Road, Six-Mile-Bottom, Cambridgeshire CB8 0UH, UK
  2. 2Northwest Surgeons Ltd, Delamere House, Ashville Point, Sutton Weaver, Cheshire WA7 3FW, UK
  3. 3Small Animal Hospital, University of Glasgow, Bearsden Road, Glasgow G61 1QH, UK
  1. E-mail for correspondence: db{at}dickwhitereferrals.com

Abstract

A prospective, randomised, non-blinded, clinical study to assess the effect of peritoneal lavage using warmed fluid on body temperature in anesthetised cats and dogs of less than 10 kg body mass undergoing coeliotomy. A standardised anaesthetic protocol was used. Oesophageal and rectal temperatures were measured at various time points. At the end of surgery, group 1 patients (n=10) were lavaged with 200 ml/kg sterile isotonic saline at 34±1°C and group 2 (n=10) at 40±1°C. Groups were similar with respect to age, mass, body condition and surgical incision length. Duration of anaesthesia, surgical procedures and peritoneal lavage was similar between groups. Linear regression showed no significant change in oesophageal temperature during the lavage period for group 1 (P=0.64), but a significant increase for group 2 patients (P<0.0001), with mean temperature changes of −0.5°C (from (36.3°C to 35.9°C) and +0.9°C (from 35.4°C to 36.3°C), respectively. Similar results were found for rectal temperature, with mean changes of −0.5°C and +0.8°C (P=0.922 and 0.045), respectively. The use of isotonic crystalloid solution for peritoneal lavage at a temperature of 40±1°C significantly warms small animal patients, when applied in a clinical setting, compared with lavage solution at 34±1°C.

  • canine
  • Feline
  • peritoneal lavage
  • body temperature
  • coeliotomy
  • Accepted February 16, 2017.

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