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Comparison of cushioned centrifugation and SpermFilter filtration on longevity and morphology of cooled-stored equine semen
  1. J. Roach, BVetMed, MRCVS1,
  2. M. Schnobrich, VMD, DACT1,
  3. R. Ellerbrock, DVM2,
  4. L. Feijo, DVM, MSc2,
  5. E. Bradecamp, DVM, DACT, DABVP1,
  6. M. A. Alvarenga, DVM, MSc, PhD3,
  7. K. Kline, PhD4 and
  8. I. Canisso, DVM, MSc, PhD, DACT, DECAR2
  1. 1Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital, 2150 Georgetown Road, Lexington, KY 40511, USA
  2. 2Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, 1008 West Hazelwood Drive, Urbana, IL 61802, USA
  3. 3Departmento de Reprodução Animal e Radiologia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rubião Junior, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil
  4. 4Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, 1207 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  1. E-mail for correspondence: canisso{at}illinois.edu; mschnobrich{at}roodandriddle.com

Abstract

This study compares two methods for seminal plasma removal by evaluating sperm recovery rates, and motility and morphology of cooled-stored semen. Ejaculates were divided into three groups: control, filtration and cushioned centrifugation. Semen was extended to 25 million sperm/ml using a skim-milk-based extender and stored at 5°C for all groups. Sperm motility (total motility (%TM) and progressive motility (%PM)) was determined at 0, 24, 48 and 72 hours by a computer-assisted sperm analyser. Sperm morphology was assessed using differential interference microscopy. Overall, %TM of the centrifugation group was significantly higher than the filter group, but not significantly different than the control. No significant difference in %TM or %PM was detected for the control group and filter. Cushioned centrifugation was a superior method to obtain progressively motile sperm compared with control (P=0.03) and filter groups (P<0.001). No significant difference was found for the per cent of normal sperm cells and detached heads between the groups. This study demonstrated that cushioned centrifugation was a superior method to remove seminal plasma while preserving %TM and enhancing %PM for stallions under cooled storage over three days. However, as the differences appear to be negligible, the SpermFilter may represent an alternative for farms lacking a centrifuge.

  • centrifugation
  • cooled semen
  • seminal plasma
  • morphology
  • stallion
  • Accepted January 14, 2016.

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