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GASTROINTESTINAL stasis is a common syndrome in pet rabbits characterised by decreased or absent faecal output, decreased appetite, abdominal discomfort and lethargy (Harcourt-Brown 2002, 2007a, b, Oglesebee and Jenkins 2012, Varga 2014). Pathophysiological factors such as anorexia, pain, stress, dehydration, improper diet and trichobezoars can slow or inhibit gastrointestinal motility (Campbell-Ward 2012, Oglesebee and Jenkins 2012, Varga 2014). Clinical findings such as anorexia and lack of faecal production, in combination with radiographic findings of gaseous dilatation of the stomach, intestines and caecum, are well documented for diagnosing gastrointestinal stasis (Lichtenberger and Lennox 2010). However, there are very few data available in the literature about epidemiology of gastrointestinal stasis in pet rabbits.
This short communication describes a retrospective study about cases of gastrointestinal stasis diagnosed in pet rabbits presented to an exotic animal referral practice in England over a five-year period. Animals that were subsequently diagnosed with other diseases not directly related with the gastrointestinal tract were excluded from the study. Rabbits that underwent surgery within the month previous to the gastrointestinal episode were also excluded. The results were compared with a reference population that was constituted of all the rabbits presented for consultation over the same five-year period. Relative risk (RR) with 95% CIs was calculated and χ2 test were performed using a statistical software package (SPSS V.20.0, IBM).
Breeds, sex, age, date of occurrence and dental status at admission were systematically recorded. To examine the effect …