Article Text

other Versions

PDF
Oxalate nephropathy in a laboratory colony of common marmoset monkeys (Callithrix jacchus) following the ingestion of Eucalyptus viminalis
  1. B. A. Vanselow, BVSc, PhD1,
  2. M. K. Pines, BSc, PhD2,
  3. J. J. Bruhl, DipHortSc, BSc, PhD4 and
  4. L. J. Rogers, BSc, D Phil, DSc, FAA3
  1. Industry and Investment NSW, Beef Industry Centre, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia
  2. Centre for Neuroscience and Animal Behaviour, School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia
  3. Centre for Neuroscience and Animal Behaviour, School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale NSW 2351, Australia
  4. School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale NSW 2351, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Barbara Vanselow, email: barbara.vanselow{at}industry.nsw.gov.au

Seven common marmoset monkeys (Callithrix jacchus) from a laboratory colony of 17 died over a period of eight months. Death of six of these monkeys was attributed to kidney failure from an oxalate-induced nephropathy. The epidemiology of this outbreak suggested an exogenous source and there was strong evidence that the source was bark and leaves from an Eucalyptus viminalis tree. Branches of this tree were introduced one month before the first death. The branches were removed one month after deaths commenced, but deaths continued for another five months. Urinalysis of all surviving marmosets at 80 and 122 days after initial contact with the E viminalis branches suggested that these monkeys had renal impairment. In the cases described here, the eating behaviour of common marmosets apparently exposed the animals to toxic levels of oxalate in the bark and leaves of an E viminalis tree.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Provenance not commissioned; externally peer reviewed

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.