A total of 3735 sera were examined for the presence of CF antibody to Coxiella burneti. Of the samples tested 724 sera were from humans, 1507 from cattle, 525 from sheep, 575 from goats and 404 from game collected in the Serengeti National Park or Selous Game Reserve. It has been demonstrated that Q fever is well established in the above mentioned species in Tanzania (humans 3-9 per cent, cattle 13-3 per cent, sheep 17-1 per cent, goats 13-6 per cent and in game mainly in ruminants). Possible transmission links in the maintenance cycle of the disease are discussed.
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