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Gait abnormalities in brachycephalic breeds: should we be more concerned?
  1. Aurelien Jeandel, DVM, Dip.ECVN, MRCVS and
  2. Laurent Garosi, DVM, Dip.ECVN, FRCVS
  1. Davies Veterinary Specialists, Manor Farm Business Park, Higham Gobion, Herts, SG5 3HT, UK
  1. E-mail: aurelien.jeandel{at}vetspecialists.co.uk

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Health and welfare issues concerning brachycephalic dogs have gathered increasing interest from the veterinary world. Several veterinary associations and their journals, such as the BVA and Vet Record,1 and The Canadian Veterinary Journal2,3 have published comments and editorials expressing their concerns with the rising number of reported breed-specific health issues and the increasing popularity of brachycephalic breeds leading to inappropriate breeding. These issues have ignited debate about the role of veterinary surgeons in raising these issues with the general public. The BVA is currently actively campaigning on social media (#BreedtoBreathe) and one of their calls to action is for a ban on adverts featuring brachycephalic breeds in order to decrease demand for the breed.

Brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) is probably the most common and severe disorder reported in brachycephalic breeds.4, 5 In 2017, an internal study was performed by a US pet insurance company looking at claims made by owners not directly related to BOAS.6 It revealed skin and ocular conditions were the most common claims. This is consistent with the results of a large UK study that looked at the health records of pugs presented to primary-care veterinary practices.7 Among the several issues …

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