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Editorial
Improving the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis in farmed deer
  1. Bryce M. Buddle, BVSc, PhD1 and
  2. Colin G. Mackintosh, BVSc, PhD2
  1. 1AgResearch, Hopkirk Research Institute, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand; e-mail: bryce.buddle@agresearch.co.nz
  2. 2Scurr Road, Dunedin RD1, New Zealand; e-mail: colin.mackintosh@xtra.co.nz

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CONTROL of bovine tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium bovis presents a considerable challenge as this bacterium infects a wide host range. M bovis infection in farmed and wild deer is important in many countries as the disease can be sustained in deer herds and infections in these animals have been implicated in the spread of M bovis to cattle (de Lisle and others 2001, O'Brien and others 2006) and people (Fanning and Edwards 1991). In Great Britain, control of the disease in deer is complicated as there is no routine statutory bovine TB testing programme, and while, in England, statutory powers require skin testing of M bovis-infected deer herds, testing is undertaken at the owner's expense in order to determine freedom from disease. This requirement places additional pressure to ensure the accuracy of disease diagnosis. In a paper summarised on p 68 in this issue of Veterinary Record, Busch and others (2017) describe for the first time in England, the clearance of M bovis from a red deer herd following sustained skin testing supplemented with serological testing over a two-year period. A strength in the study was the comparison of four different serological tests, leading to the identification of some …

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