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ADULT paramphistomes (rumen fluke) were formerly regarded as of little clinical significance. Their pathogenicity in Irish and UK-farmed ruminants (especially Calicophoron daubneyi) has been re-evaluated recently (Murphy and others , Foster and others , Mason and others ). Several outbreaks of acute larval paramphistomosis have been diagnosed here in Ireland since 2008 (unpublished data), some causing multiple acute mortalities in cattle and sheep, especially in younger animals.
The absence of a …