Article Text

PDF
Paper
Sildenafil improves clinical signs and radiographic features in dogs with congenital idiopathic megaoesophagus: a randomised controlled trial
  1. F. Quintavalla, DVM1,
  2. A. Menozzi, DVM, PhD1,
  3. C. Pozzoli, PhD2,
  4. E. Poli, PhD2,
  5. P. Donati, DVM3,
  6. D. K. Wyler, DVM4,
  7. P. Serventi, BSc1 and
  8. S. Bertini, DVM, PhD1
  1. 1Department of Veterinary Science, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
  2. 2Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
  3. 3Cerro Maggiore, Milano, Italy
  4. 4The Animal Medical Hospital and Whitestone Veterinary Care, New York, NY, USA
  1. E-mail for correspondence: alessandro.menozzi{at}unipr.it

Abstract

We evaluated the efficacy of oral sildenafil citrate in dogs with congenital idiopathic megaoesophagus (CIM). Twenty-one puppies were randomly assigned to two groups (treatment and control). The dogs were given sildenafil oral suspension 1 mg/kg every 12 hours for 14 days or placebo in a masked fashion. Clinical signs (frequency of regurgitation and weight gain) and oesophagrams (relative oesophageal diameter, ROD) were evaluated in order to assess the efficacy of drug treatment, by examiners who were unaware of the study protocol. In addition, a set of in vitro experiments on isolated samples of canine lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) was performed, and the effects of increasing concentrations of sildenafil on basal tone and electrically-stimulated motility were assessed. Sildenafil administration significantly reduced the number of regurgitation episodes (0.88±1.40 v 2.65±1.56, P<0.0001) and significantly increased weight gain in the treated dogs compared to controls (79.76±28.30 per cent v 53.40±19.30 per cent, P=0.034). ROD values, at the end of the treatment period, were significantly decreased in the sildenafil group, compared to pre-treatment values (0.97±0.19 v 0.24±0.14, P<0.0001), in contrast to control subjects (0.98±0.17 v 1.10±0.25, P=0.480). In accordance with the in vivo findings, sildenafil dose-dependently reduced basal tone and increased electrically-induced relaxation of dog LOS samples. These results suggest that sildenafil citrate helps ameliorate clinical and radiographic signs in dogs with CIM by reducing LOS tone, and could represent a novel therapeutic tool for the treatment of this disease.

  • sildenafil
  • dog
  • megaoesophagus
  • LOS
  • Accepted January 23, 2017.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.