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Dairy cows
Haemorrhagic bowel syndrome associated with ingestion of spoiled concentrate in two Brown Swiss cows
  1. Ueli Braun,
  2. Christian Gerspach and
  3. Michael Hässig
  1. Department of Farm Animals, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, 8057 Zürich, Switzerland. e-mail:

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WE wish to report an observation relating to the aetiology of haemorrhagic bowel syndrome (HBS). This is a serious disorder characterised by haemorrhage and secondary ileus of the small intestines in cattle. Clostridium perfringens type A (CPA) is thought to play an important role in the aetiology of this disorder (Elhafany and others 2013) and …

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