Article Text

PDF
Editorial
Unanswered questions on gastric dilatation/volvulus and gastropexy
  1. Luca Formaggini, DMV
  1. Lago Maggiore veterinary clinic, Dormelletto, Corso Cavour 28040, Italy; e-mail: lformaggini@cvlm.it

Statistics from Altmetric.com

GASTRIC dilatation/volvulus (GDV) is a syndrome described in various species (dogs, cats, monkeys, guinea pigs and people); however, generally speaking, the term GDV refers to canine GDV (cGDV). It describes a condition where the stomach is overstretched and rotated by excessive gas content. The word ‘syndrome’ highlights the complexity of the disease, as it describes a group of clinical signs that occur together and characterise a particular condition; however, cGDV aetiology is still unknown.

Many studies define cGDV as multifactorial in origin and, while predisposing factors are well described, attempts to prevent GDV based on modifications of these factors have proven unsuccessful, including using medication, such as antacids and gastrointestinal motility modifiers. Since the thoracic depth:width ratio is one of the most important predisposing factors, it would be interesting to study offspring with different conformation of the thorax and track differences, but there is still much to be done. Also, while the association of GDV with other gastrointestinal (eg, mesenteric volvulus and inflammatory bowel disease) and splenic diseases (eg, splenic torsion and splenic neoplasia) have been described, a cause-effect relationship has yet to be identified. Studies have simply described …

View Full Text

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.