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Short communication
Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in ferret and the histological assessment of the endoscopic biopsies
  1. L. Devaux, DVM1,
  2. M. Huynh, DVM, Diplomate ECZM1,
  3. J. Hernandez, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM1 and
  4. A. Nicolier, DVM, Diplomate ECVP2
  1. 1Centre Hospitalier Vétérinaire Frégis, Arcueil, France
  2. 2Vetdiagnostics, Lyon, France
  1. E-mail for correspondence laurianedx{at}aol.com

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GASTROINTESTINAL diseases are common in ferrets (Hoefer and others 2012). Gastritis and gastric ulcers have been reported extensively in laboratory and pet ferrets (Hoefer and others 2012). Ferrets are considered an excellent model of Helicobacter-associated gastritis, motivating experimental research (Otto and others 1990, Batchelder and others 1996). Gastroscopic evaluations are routinely performed in human, canine and feline medicine to investigate digestive disorders (Happe 1985, Neiger and others 2013). Advantages include a minimally invasive approach, complete visualisation of the upper gastrointestinal tract and biopsy sample collection. However, the reports of gastroscopy in pet ferrets are scattered throughout the veterinary literature (Divers 2010, Marini 2014).

This short communication describes a case series of 10 privately owned ferrets undergoing a gastroscopic procedure. Ferrets showed various clinical signs, including vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain and ptyalism. Routine haematology, biochemistry and ultrasonography were performed prior to the procedure. Gastroscopic examinations were performed on 12 hours fasted ferrets under general anaesthesia. All individuals were premedicated with buprenorphine at 0.03 mg/kg (Vetergesic, Sogeval, Laval, France) and midazolam at 0.2 mg/kg (Midazolam Mylan, Mylan, Saint Priest, France). An intravenous catheter was placed in the cephalic vein. Induction was obtained with intravenous propofol at 4–6 mg/kg (Propolipid 1 per cent, Fresenius Kabi, Schelle, Belgium) followed by endotracheal intubation and inhalant …

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