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Study on canine total elbow replacement
  1. John Innes1,
  2. Rob Pettitt2 and
  3. Paul Smirthwaite3
  1. 1ChesterGates Veterinary Specialists, Units E&F, Telford Court, Gates Road, Dunkirk, Chester CH1 6LT, e-mail:
  2. 2NorthWest Surgeons, Delamere House, Ashville Point, Sutton Weaver, Cheshire WA7 3FW, e-mail:
  3. 3Osteogen, The Counting House, Church Farm Business Park, Bath BA2 9AP

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BECAUSE of the prevalence of severe osteoarthritis in popular breeds of dog, there has been an appetite to develop a canine total elbow replacement (TER) procedure since the 1980s. Since that time, several systems have been developed. The first peer-reviewed report of successful clinical outcomes from TER were reported by Conzemius and others (2003) using the ‘Iowa State total elbow system’, although the major complication rate was 20 per cent. Subsequently, experience by other surgeons – including two of the authors of this …

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