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Canine epileptoid cramping syndrome in border terriers
  1. Mark Lowrie and
  2. Laurent Garosi
  1. Davies Veterinary Specialists, Manor Farm Business Park, Higham Gobion, Hertfordshire SG5 3HR
  1. e-mail: mll{at}

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CANINE epileptoid cramping syndrome (CECS) is a type of movement disorder known as a paroxysmal dyskinesia. CECS consists of episodes of difficulty walking, ranging from ataxia to a complete inability to stand, tremors, and dystonia of the limbs, head and neck. Episodes can last minutes or hours with dogs being normal in between. Mild to severe gastrointestinal …

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