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THE illegal transport of animals is currently the only way by which lumpy skin disease (LSD) and peste des petits ruminants (PPR) could enter the European Union (EU), according to two scientific opinions from the Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW) panel of the European Food Safety Authority.
Both opinions, which were published on January 13, note that the risk of either disease entering the EU would depend on its prevalence in the country of origin and the number of animals moved illegally.
The AHAW panel was asked by the European Commission to provide an update on the characterisation of both diseases, to assess the risk of each being introduced to the EU, the speed of spread, the risk of the disease becoming endemic and its impact. With regard to PPR, the request was linked to …