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Editorial
Surveillance of antimicrobial use in animals in the EU
  1. Miguel A. Moreno, PhD, DVM
  1. Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Av de Puerta de Hierro, s/n, 28040, Madrid, Spain
  1. e-mail: mamoreno{at}vet.ucm.es

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FROM the plethora of documents on antimicrobial resistance produced during the last years of the 20th century, I would like to consider those from two meetings and assess the relevance of their recommendations in the veterinary domain in the European Union (EU) today. One of the meetings was sponsored by the World Health Organization (Anon 1997), the other by the European Union (Rosdahl and Pedersen 1998). Their recommendations are summarised in Table 1.

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TABLE 1:

Summary of the recommendations of a World Health Organization meeting (Anon 1997) and an EU conference (Rosdahl and Pedersen 1998) on antimicrobial resistance

One of the first goals to be achieved was the banning of the use of antimicrobials for growth promotion, which was attained in 2006, although the situation is different outside of the EU.

The monitoring of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from food animals started in around 1998 under the umbrella of a European Concerted Action called ‘Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria of Animal Origin’ (Gnanou and Sanders 2000) and it is now a well-established …

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