Article Text

Wildlife surveillance
Fatal spirocercosis in a free-ranging red fox
  1. Federico Morandi1,
  2. Gabriele Angelico2,
  3. Ranieri Verin3 and
  4. Stefano Gavaudan3
  1. 1Parco Nazionale dei Monti Sibillini, Piazza del Forno, 1 – 62039, Visso Macerata, Italy
  2. 2Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale Umbria e Marche, Via Cupa di Posatora, 3 – 60100, Ancona, Italy
  3. 3School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Neston, Cheshire CH64 7TE
  1. e-mail: federico.morandi{at}

Statistics from

Spirocerca lupi is a nematode that localises in the oesophageal and gastric wall of Canidae and other carnivores. It is found worldwide, especially in tropical and subtropical regions. The lifecycle of S lupi involves intermediate (coprophagous beetles) and paratenic hosts (poultry, wild birds, lizards, rodents, hedgehogs and rabbits), infected with larvae (L3) and a final host (carnivore). In domestic dogs, in which it is certainly underestimated, …

View Full Text

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.