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Complications and outcomes of canine pyometra

S. Jitpean, B. Ström-Holst, U. Emanuelson, O. V. Höglund, A. Pettersson, C. Alneryd-Bull, R. Hagman

PYOMETRA is one of the most common diseases in intact bitches, affecting about a quarter of such bitches less than 10 years old. If left untreated, it can be fatal, with an estimated mortality of 3 to 4 per cent. This study aimed to describe common complications of pyometra and to investigate variables that could be used as indicators of peritonitis and/or prolonged hospitalisation following surgical treatment.

A retrospective review was conducted on medical records of all bitches diagnosed with pyometra between 2006 and 2007 at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Data on 356 bitches from 92 breeds were used in the final analysis.

Complications of pyometra included peritonitis (12 per cent), urinary tract infection (5 per cent), wound infection (2 per cent) and uveitis (2 per cent). Of the 315 bitches treated surgically by ovariohysterectomy, complications occurred in 78 (25 per cent) and postoperative hospitalisation was prolonged in 60 (19 per cent). Among the animals that were …

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