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Isolation of Leptospires from genital tract of sheep
  1. Z. Arent, DVM, PhD, MRCVS1,
  2. C. Frizzell, BSc2,
  3. C. Gilmore1,
  4. D. Mackie, MVB, PhD, MRCVS1 and
  5. W. A. Ellis, BVMS, PhD, FRCVS1
  1. 1OIE Leptospirosis Reference Laboratory,Veterinary Sciences Division, AFBI, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK
  2. 2Queen's University Belfast, School of Biological Sciences, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK
  1. E-mail for correspondence: zbigniew.arent{at}

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Leptospirosis is an economically important infectious disease of domestic livestock. Renal infection is the most common microbiological sequel to infection in most animal species, but in the case of host-maintained infections, such as serovar Hardjo infection in cattle (both type Hardjobovis and Hardjoprajitno) or serovar Bratislava infection in pigs, persistent genital tract infection is a major feature (Ellis and others 1986a, b, c, d). Evidence of significant serological prevalences to serovar Hardjo (Egan and Yearsley 1987, Cerri and others 2003, Herrmann and others 2004, Ridler and others 2005, Anonymous 2012, Martins and other 2012), abattoir studies (Bahaman and others 1980, Dorjee and others 2008), experimental studies and the apparent independence of sheep infections from cattle (Pekelder and others 1993) would indicate that sheep may also act as an alternative maintenance host for serovar Hardjo (Cousins and others 1989, Gerritsen and others 1994, Farina and others 1996). While serovar Hardjo has been recovered …

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