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Treating postoperative pain in cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy

F. Staffieri, P. Centonze, G. Gigante, L. De Pietro, A. Crovace

OVARIOHYSTERECTOMY is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in cats and has painful side effects. Buprenorphine is an opioid analgesic often used in soft tissue surgery in cats. Robenacoxib is a new NSAID approved for use in cats. This study aimed to test the effects of robenacoxib alone and in combination with buprenorphine on postoperative pain in cats that had undergone ovariohysterectomy.

Thirty healthy client-owned adult cats were included in the study and randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: 2 mg/kg robenacoxib; 0.02 mg/kg buprenorphine; and the combination of 0.02 mg/kg buprenorphine and 2 mg/kg robenacoxib. Cats received the allocated treatment 30 minutes before surgery. Postoperative pain was assessed on a scale of zero to 4 using manual palpation at one, two, three, four, six, eight, 12 and 14 hours after surgery. Rescue analgesia was administered if a cat displayed a pain score of three or more at any point.

No major complications were reported throughout the study. Pain score was higher among cats in the buprenorphine group at two, three, four, six and eight hours compared to before surgery and to the combined buprenorphine/robenacoxib group …

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