Bovine respiratory syncytial virus: infection dynamics within and between herds
- T. B. Klem, DVM1,
- S. M. Gulliksen, DVM PhD2,
- K.-I. Lie, DVM PhD3,
- T. Løken, DVM PhD1,
- O. Østerås, DVM PhD2 and
- M. Stokstad, DVM PhD1
- 1Department of Production Animal Sciences, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, P.O. Box 8146 Dep., 0033 Oslo, Norway
- 2Department of Cattle Health Services, TINE Norwegian Dairies, P.O. Box 58, 1431 Ås, Norway
- 3Norwegian Veterinary Institute, P.O. Box 750 Sentrum, 0106 Oslo, Norway
- E-mail for correspondence:
The infection dynamics of bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) were studied in randomly selected Norwegian dairy herds. A total of 134 herds were tested twice, six months apart. The herds were classified as positive for BRSV if at least one animal between 150 and 365 days old tested positive for antibodies against BRSV, thereby representing herds that had most likely had the virus present during the previous year. The prevalence of positive herds at the first and second sampling was 34 per cent and at 41 per cent, respectively, but varied greatly between regions. Negative herds were found in close proximity to positive herds. Some of these herds remained negative despite several new infections nearby. Of the herds initially being negative, 42 per cent changed status to positive during the six months. This occurred at the same rate during summer as winter, but a higher rate of animals in the herds was positive if it took place during winter. Of the herds initially being positive, 33 per cent changed to negative. This indicates that an effective strategy to lower the prevalence and the impact of BRSV could be to employ close surveillance and place a high biosecurity focus on the negative herds.
- Accepted October 1, 2013.
- Published Online First 23 October 2013
- British Veterinary Association
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