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Animal welfare
Reduction, refinement and replacement
  1. Ramsay Hovell
  1. 62 The Avenue, Worminghall, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire HP18 9LE

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IT is of interest that the letter in Veterinary Record (May 25, 2013, vol 172, p 264) by David Williams, concerning the proposed ban on wild animals in circuses, included reference to the Three Rs.

Welfare assessments under the headings of reduction, refinement and replacement have generally been applied …

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