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Reptile Medicine
Salmonella septicaemia in a smooth snake
  1. Lóránd B. Köbölkuti1,
  2. Marina Spinu1,
  3. Attila Szakács1,
  4. Miklós Tenk2,
  5. Attila Kelemen3 and
  6. Gábor Á. Czirják4
  1. 1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Mănă ştur str. 3-5, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  2. 2Central Agricultural Office, Veterinary Diagnostic Directorate, Tábornok u. 2, 1149 Budapest, Hungary
  3. 3Faculty of Biology and Geology, University Babeş -Bolyai, Clinicilor str. 5-7, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  4. 4Department of Wildlife Diseases, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Alfred-Kowalke-Str. 17, 10315 Berlin, Germany
  1. e-mail: czirjak{at}

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REPTILE medicine has evolved significantly in recent decades; however, most of the information available refers to tropical and subtropical captive and free-living species. The European fauna makes up about 1 per cent of the extant snakes (35 out of 3217 species) (McDiarmid and others 2012) but despite the low number of species, there is limited knowledge on the bacterial pathogens and diseases associated with them (Cooper and others 1985). Several of the native European snakes, mostly Vipera species, have been identified as reservoirs for salmonella; Salmonella enterica subspecies III being one of the most common isolates (Briones …

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