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Diagnostic Testing
Detection of atypical Melissococcus plutonius in honeybees
  1. Daisuke Takamatsu1,
  2. Masatoshi Okura1,
  3. Mikio Yoshiyama2,
  4. Meihua Wu3,
  5. Rie Arai4 and
  6. Yuiko Morinaga5
  1. 1Bacterial and Parasitic Disease Research Division, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0856, Japan
  2. 2Animal Breeding and Reproduction Research Division, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0901, Japan
  3. 3Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, Japan
  4. 4Saitama Prefectural Chuo Livestock Hygiene Service Center, Saitama, Saitama 331-0821, Japan
  5. 5Fukuoka-Chuo Prefectural Institute of Animal Health, Fukuoka, Fukuoka 812-0051, Japan
  1. e-mail: p1013dt{at}affrc.go.jp

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EUROPEAN foulbrood (EFB) is one of the most important bacterial diseases of honeybee larvae. The causative agent, Melissococcus plutonius, is a one genus-one species bacterium and had been thought to be remarkably homogeneous on the basis of morphological, physiological, immunological, and genetic studies (Bailey and Gibbs 1962, Allen and Ball 1993, Djordjevic and others 1999). However, Arai and colleagues (2012) recently reported the presence of an atypical type of M plutonius strains that is phenotypically and genetically …

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