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Antimicrobial Resistance
Antimicrobial selective pressure in pet-owning healthcare workers
  1. David H. Lloyd1,
  2. Anette Loeffler1,
  3. Tim Nuttall2 and
  4. J. Scott Weese3
  1. Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA
  2. School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston, Cheshire CH64 7TE
  3. Department of Pathobiology and Centre for Public Health and Zoonoses, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada
  1. e-mail: dlloyd{at}; aloeffler{at} e-mail: timn{at} e-mail: jsweese{at}

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THE European Antibiotic Awareness Day in November 2011 made it clear that multidrug-resistant bacteria are of increasing concern in both human and veterinary medicine. The One Health Initiative has stressed the importance of identifying risks for transmission of such organisms between people and animals ( Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a particular concern, as MRSA isolates from dogs and cats are nearly always epidemic human hospital-associated lineages. Transmission between humans and animals, furthermore, readily occurs even among healthy individuals (Loeffler …

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