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Risk factors for idiopathic cystitis in cats

P. A. M. Defauw, I. Van de Maele, L. Duchateau, I. E. Polis, J. H. Saunders, S. Daminet

IDIOPATHIC cystitis in cats is the most common cause of feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD). This retrospective study evaluated possible risk factors for FIC, and whether different clinical presentations of FIC (with or without urethral obstruction and with or without struvite crystalluria) were associated with different risk factors.

Medical records were reviewed for all cats presented at a veterinary clinic with signs of obstructive or non-obstructive FLUTD between 2002 and 2008. A diagnosis of idiopathic cystitis was made on the basis of negative urine culture and no evidence of urinary stones or neoplasia on bladder and proximal urethral ultrasonography. Each cat with idiopathic cystitis was matched with a control cat that had never shown signs of FLUTD according to age and sex. In addition to clinical data, information on signalment, diet, environment, behaviour, and occurrence of specific stressful situations during the three months before the first episode of cystitis, were also collected.

Sixty-four cats (51 males and 13 females) with idiopathic cystitis were included in the study. The mean (sd) age of …

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