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Poultry Virology
QX-like infectious bronchitis virus in Africa
  1. Anna Toffan1,
  2. Isabella Monne1,
  3. Calogero Terregino1,
  4. Giovanni Cattoli1,
  5. Canaan T. Hodobo2,
  6. Biko Gadaga2,
  7. Pious V. Makaya2,
  8. Enat Mdlongwa2 and
  9. Samuel Swiswa2
  1. OIE/FAO Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Viale dell'Università 10, 35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy
  2. Veterinary Technical Services, Central Veterinary Laboratory, Borrowdale Road 18, Bevan Building, Harare, Zimbabwe
  1. e-mail: atoffan{at}izsvenezie.it

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INFECTIOUS bronchitis is an infection of poultry that occurs globally. The viral agent – a coronavirus – can spread rapidly and cause economic losses in industrial and backyard poultry. Because of this, in Europe and North America, this disease is monitored and vaccination is routinely applied. However, very little is known about the circulation of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) variants in many other areas of the world and particularly in developing countries. In Africa, most of the information on IBVs comes from north African countries, such as Tunisia, Egypt and Morocco, where both indigenous and classical IBV variants appear …

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