From 2008 to 2011, seven distinct bluetongue virus (BTV) serotypes (BTV-2, BTV-4, BTV-5, BTV-8, BTV-15, BTV-16 and BTV-24) have been identified to be circulating in diseased sheep and cattle in Israel. This paper describes the array of clinical manifestations caused by BTV in cattle in Israel. Each set of clinical manifestations has been categorised as a syndrome and six distinct clinical syndromes have been observed in dairy cattle: ‘footrot-like syndrome’, ‘sore nose syndrome’, ‘subcutaneous emphysema syndrome’, ‘red/rough udder syndrome’, ‘bluetongue/epizootic haemorrhagic disease systemic syndrome’ and ‘maladjustment syndrome’.
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Provenance not commissioned; externally peer reviewed
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