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THE genus Klebsiella, a member of the family Enterobacteriaceae, includes ubiquitous bacteria found both in the environment and in animals (Murray and others 2003). As opportunistic pathogens they can cause pneumonia and urogenital infections in human beings, rodents, carnivores and ungulates, mastitis in ruminants, and septicaemia in a number of species (Quinn and others 1994, Boucher and Nouaille 2002). Enteritis and diarrhoea due to villous atrophy associated with Klebsiella species infection has been reported in newborn pigs (Brown and others 2008). Knowledge about the importance of Klebsiella species infections in domestic rabbits is limited, although Klebsiella pneumoniae has been reported to be associated with haemorrhagic enteritis and septicaemia in Italy and France (Boucher and Nouaille 1999, 2002, Coletti and others 2001). Klebsiella oxytoca may cause urinary tract infections in human beings and it has been described as a cause of antibiotic-associated haemorrhagic colitis and diarrhoea (Högenauer and others 2006, Hoffmann and others 2010), as well as a cause of septicaemia in human infants (Reiss and others 2000). This short communication describes an outbreak of disease associated with K oxytoca among farmed rabbits in Hungary.
In January 2010, a rabbit breeding …