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Spontaneous gastroduodenal perforations in dogs — a retrospective study of 15 cases
  1. M. Cariou, DVM, MRCVS1,
  2. V. J. Lipscomb, MA, VetMB, DipECVS, MRCVS1,
  3. D. J. Brockman, BVSc, DipACVS, DipECVS, MRCVS1,
  4. S. P. Gregory, BVetMed, PhD, DSAS, MRCVS1 and
  5. S. J. Baines, MA, VetMB, PhD, CertVR, CertSAS, DipECVS, MRCVS1
  1. 1 Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA
  1. E-mail for correspondence: mcariou{at}rvc.ac.uk

Abstract

The clinical findings and outcomes following surgical management of spontaneous gastroduodenal perforations in 15 dogs were reviewed in a retrospective study to identify related risk factors. Clinical and clinicopathological findings were diverse. Use of multiple diagnostic procedures yielded a strong index of suspicion for gastrointestinal perforation. There was a trend towards improved survival for animals with perforation of the gastric fundus/body compared to pyloric or duodenal perforation, although the difference was not statistically significant. Five dogs were euthanased at surgery; two dogs died within two days after surgery. Seven of the eight surviving dogs had a favourable long-term outcome. Previous administration of NSAIDs was the only identified predisposing factor in ten of 10 of the dogs.

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