The clinical findings and outcomes following surgical management of spontaneous gastroduodenal perforations in 15 dogs were reviewed in a retrospective study to identify related risk factors. Clinical and clinicopathological findings were diverse. Use of multiple diagnostic procedures yielded a strong index of suspicion for gastrointestinal perforation. There was a trend towards improved survival for animals with perforation of the gastric fundus/body compared to pyloric or duodenal perforation, although the difference was not statistically significant. Five dogs were euthanased at surgery; two dogs died within two days after surgery. Seven of the eight surviving dogs had a favourable long-term outcome. Previous administration of NSAIDs was the only identified predisposing factor in ten of 10 of the dogs.