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Effect of subcutaneously administered diclazuril on the output of Eimeria species oocysts by experimentally infected rabbits
  1. B. L. Pan, DAgSc, MAgSc, BVSc1,
  2. Y. F. Zhang, MAgSc, BVSc2,
  3. X. Suo, MAgSc, BVSc1 and
  4. Y. Xue, MedSc1
  1. 1 College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, China
  2. 2 College of Animal Science and Technology, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding, Hebei 071001, China
  1. Correspondence to Professor Suo

Abstract

The effect of subcutaneously injected diclazuril on the output of Eimeria species oocysts was studied in experimentally infected rabbits. Diclazuril was administered either prophylactically at 0·5, 1 or 2 mg/kg bodyweight two days before each rabbit was inoculated with 20,000 oocysts of a mixed-species field isolate of Eimeria or therapeutically at 1, 2 or 4 mg/kg bodyweight five days after they were inoculated. The prophylactic treatments significantly reduced (P<0·05) the output of oocysts in faeces and the numbers in the rabbits' livers at all doses. The therapeutic treatment at 4 mg/kg also caused a significant reduction (P<0·05) in oocyst shedding, but the lower doses resulted in only a moderate reduction. The shedding of the pathogenic species Eimeria stiedae, Eimeria magna, Eimeria irresidua, Eimeria flavescens, Eimeria piriformis and Eimeria intestinalis was significantly reduced (P<0·05) in all the treated groups. The burden of oocysts in the livers of the therapeutic groups (4000 to 9000) were significantly lower (P<0·05) than in the inoculated but untreated control group (23,000), but higher than in the prophylactic groups (around 1000).

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