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Evaluation of an elisa to assess the intensity of Fasciola hepatica infection in cattle
  1. M. R. Salimi-Bejestani, NSD, DVM, PhD1,
  2. P. Cripps, BVSc, BSc, MSc, PhD, PGCertTLHE, DipECVPH, MRCVS2 and
  3. D. J. L. Williams, BSc, PhD3
  1. 1 School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Semnan, PO Box 35195-363, Semnan, Iran
  2. 2 Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston, Cheshire CH64 7TE
  3. 3 Veterinary Parasitology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine/Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Williams

Abstract

An elisa with a diagnostic sensitivity of 98 per cent and specificity of 96 per cent was evaluated as a means of assessing the intensity of Fasciola hepatica infection in cattle. A total of 294 blood samples were collected from infected cattle at a local abattoir, and the level of infection in each animal was assessed on the basis of the extent of liver pathology and the presence of flukes; 120 blood samples were also collected from uninfected cattle kept on a farm known to be free of F hepatica. The results indicated that there was a significant correlation (P<0·001) between the elisa values and the intensity of infection. Values between 15 and 28 per cent of a positive control sample indicated a low intensity of infection, values between 28 and 50 per cent indicated a medium intensity of infection and values above 50 per cent indicated a high intensity of infection.

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