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Retrospective analysis of exploratory laparotomies in 192 Andalusian horses and 276 horses of other breeds
  1. E. Muñoz, DVM, ECVS1,
  2. D. Argüelles, DVM, ECVS1,
  3. L. Areste, DVM1,
  4. L. San Miguel, DVM1 and
  5. M. Prades, DVM, PhD, DipECVS, ACVS1
  1. 1 Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Edifici V, Campus UAB, Bellaterra 08193, Barcelona, Spain

Abstract

The medical records of 468 horses that underwent 490 exploratory laparotomies for the correction of gastrointestinal diseases were reviewed to search for differences between Andalusian horses and other breeds. The seasonal distribution of surgical colics and their outcome and complications were also investigated. Bivariant analysis was used to compare the horses' age, gender and breed with the type of surgery, the bowel affected and the type of colic, and all these variables were compared in relation to euthanasia during surgery, complications, short-term survival and seasonal distribution. A total of 405 horses survived the surgery and 329 were discharged from the hospital. Horses less than one year old had better short-term survival than older horses. Andalusian horses suffered more inguinal hernias than the other breeds and were more prone to suffer laminitis as a complication. Colic surgery and inguinal hernias were also more common in the summer.

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