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Ultrasonographic monitoring of the fetal growth of common seals (Phoca vitulina vitulina)
  1. C. Gili, DVM, PhD1,
  2. L. Papini, DVM, PhD2,
  3. I. Vannozzi, DVM, PhD3 and
  4. S. Romagnoli, DVM, MS, PhD, DipECAR2
  1. 1Acquario de Genova, Ponte Spinola, 16128 Genova, Italy
  2. 2University of Padova, viale dell'Università 16, 35020 Legnaro-Agripolis (pd), Italy
  3. 3University of Pisa, via Livornese, S. Piero a Grado 56100 (pi), Italy


Three captive female common seals (Phoca vitulina vitulina) were monitored ultrasonographically during five pregnancies. Pregnancy was diagnosed in the third month and fetal monitoring was continued until parturition. The ultrasound measurements were made with the active collaboration of the animals by training them to cooperate with the procedure.

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