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Effects of the timing of the administration of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae bacterin on the development of lesions associated with porcine circovirus type 2
  1. T. Opriessnig, MagMedVet, DrMedVet1,
  2. P. G. Halbur, DVM, PhD1,
  3. S. Yu, DVM2,
  4. E. L. Thacker, DVM, PhD2,
  5. M. Fenaux, PhD3 and
  6. X. J. Meng, MD, PhD3
  1. 1Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine
  2. 2Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
  3. 3Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Center of Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061- 03542, USA

Abstract

To determine whether there is an effect of the timing of vaccination on porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2) replication and PCV-2-associated lesions, 78 pigs were randomly assigned to eight groups: group 1 (10 pigs) was vaccinated with a commercial Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae vaccine at two and four weeks of age, group 2 (nine pigs) was vaccinated at four and six weeks of age, group 3 (10 pigs) at six and eight weeks of age and group 4 (10 pigs) at eight and 10 weeks of age; group 5 (nine pigs) was vaccinated once with a double dose at four weeks of age, and group 6 (10 pigs) was vaccinated once with a double dose at eight weeks of age. Groups 7 and 8, both of 10 pigs, were not vaccinated. At eight weeks of age, the pigs in groups 1 to 7 were inoculated with PCV-2. Fourteen days after they had been inoculated, the pigs in groups 1, 4 and 5 had significantly (P<0·05) more copies of the PCV-2 genome in their serum than the unvaccinated pigs. Microscopically, 14 of the 68 inoculated pigs had normal lymphoid tissues, 40 had mild PCV-2-associated lymphoid lesions and 14 had moderate lesions. The mean overall lymphoid lesions (lymphoid depletion, granulomatous inflammation, and quantity of PCV-2 antigen in spleen, tonsil, and five lymph nodes) were significantly (P<0·05) more severe in groups 4 and 5 than in groups 2, 3, 7 and 8.

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