To evaluate the transmission of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) by aerosol as either a single or mixed infection, 28 pigs were inoculated intratracheally with M hyopneumoniae on day 0 and infected intranasally with PRRSV on day 35; they were housed together in a barn. To assess the aerosol transmission of M hyopneumoniae as a single infection, one trailer (A) containing 10 five-week-old sentinel pigs was placed along the south side of the infected barn (1 m from the fans) on day 28. To assess the mixed infection, two trailers (B and C), each containing 10 five-week-old sentinel pigs, were placed along each side of the barn on day 42. The sentinel pigs in the three trailers were exposed to the exhaust from the fans for seven days. No M hyopneumoniae infection was detected in the sentinel pigs in trailer A, but it was detected in the sentinel pigs in trailers B and C. No PRRSV was detected in any of the sentinel pigs.