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International disease monitoring, July to September 2005


  • African swine fever in Sardinia (Italy) and Nigeria

  • Classical swine fever in South Africa

  • Foot-and-mouth disease in China, Russia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Botswana and the Democratic Republic of Congo

  • Bluetongue in Spain

  • Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) in south-east Asia and in Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Russia

  • Low pathogenic avian influenza (H5N2) in Japan

  • Newcastle disease in the UK, France, Israel and Botswana

  • Vesicular stomatitis in the USA

– These are among matters discussed in the international disease monitoring report for July to September 2005, prepared by DEFRA’s International Animal Health Division

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  • This article summarises official information on outbreaks of specified animal diseases and other diseases that may be of interest.

    DEFRA’s International Animal Health Division (IAHD) monitors outbreaks of animal disease in countries that trade with the UK and EU member states. It also notes new epidemiological developments, which may give an early warning of emerging threats to the UK.

    Where a new disease outbreak could pose a threat, the IAHD carries out a qualitative analysis of the risks to UK livestock. These analyses are publicly available on DEFRA’s website (

    The EU and the UK take appropriate safeguard measures to mitigate the potential risks of disease being introduced through legal trade. DEFRA notes that it is also important to recognise the continuing threat to the UK through illegal imports from countries with endemic disease and other routes, for example, highly pathogenic avian influenza or Newcastle disease from migrating birds.

    Maps in this report were prepared from official reports received during the period; they do not necessarily reflect the true situation in every country and should not be regarded as definitive. The maps were produced using ESRI Data and Maps CD (2002)

  • Information sources

    Unless otherwise stated, this article summarises official information received from the World Organisation for Animal Health and the European Commission:

    World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Epizooties [OIE]), Paris, France

    European Commission, Brussels, Belgium

    Animal Disease Notification System. Weekly Reports CVO Emergency notifications/SANCO documents EUR-Lex (

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