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Serosurvey of Aujeszky’s disease virus infection in European wild boar in Spain
  1. J. Vicente, DVM, MS, PhD1,
  2. F. Ruiz-Fons, DVM1,
  3. D. Vidal, DVM, PhD1,
  4. U. Höfle, DVM, PhD1,
  5. P. Acevedo, DBSc1,
  6. D. Villanúa, DVM1,
  7. I. G. Fernández-de-Mera, DBSc1,
  8. M. P. Martín, DVM, PhD1 and
  9. C. Gortázar, DVM, PhD, IREC1
  1. 1Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (CSIC-UCLMJCCM), Ronda de Toledo s/n, 13005 Ciudad Real, Spain
  1. Correspondence to Dr Gortázar

Abstract

Serum samples from 693 hunted wild boar (Sus scrofa) were analysed by means of a blocking ELISA technique, and the mean (se) prevalence of antibodies to Aujeszky’s disease virus was 44 (4) per cent. All the seropositive wild boar were from south central Spain, except for one from central Spain, close to the main positive area. In this area, where large game species are increasingly managed for hunting, the seroprevalence was affected by the type of management. More intensively managed populations had a higher prevalence than wild boar living in natural situations, and the seroprevalence increased with the age of the animals; the seroprevalence was higher in females in all age groups. The seroprevalence in males more than one year old peaked after the breeding season, whereas females of the same age had a higher and constant seroprevalence throughout the year.

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