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Stabilisation of scoliosis in two koi (Cyprinus carpio)
  1. P. D. Govett, DVM,
  2. G. A. Lewbart, MS, VMD, DACZM1,
  3. N. J. Olby, VetMB, PhD, DACVIM,
  4. D. J. Marcellin-Little, DEDV, DACVS, DECVS2,
  5. D. S. Rotstein, DVM, MSPVM, DACVP and
  6. T. L. Reynolds, DVM3
  1. 1 Environmental Medicine Consortium and Department of Clinical Sciences
  2. 2 Department of Clinical Sciences
  3. 3 Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 4700 Hillsborough Street, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA


Two koi (Cyprinus carpio) from the same pond developed similar lesions of scoliosis. Radiographic examinations showed that their spines had become malaligned as a result of vertebral compression fractures involving T14 to T16. The vertebrae in both fish were stabilised with screws, k-wire and polymethylmethacrylate. They both appeared to improve after surgery, but they began to decline and died within three months. A postmortem examination revealed multi-organ inflammation that was not associated with the surgical implants.

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