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Possible interaction between myxomatosis and calicivirosis related to rabbit haemorrhagic disease affecting the European rabbit
  1. S. Marchandeau,
  2. J. Letty, PhD1,
  3. S. Bertagnoli, PhD,
  4. B. Peralta,
  5. C. Boucraut-Baralon, PhD2 and
  6. F. Reitz, PhD3
  1. 1 Office National de la Chasse et de la Faune Sauvage, Direction des Etudes et de la Recherche, 53 rue Russeil, 44000 Nantes, France
  2. 2 Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse, UMR 960 Microbiologie Moléculaire, 23 chemin des Capelles, 31076 Toulouse cedex, France
  3. 3 Office National de la Chasse et de la Faune Sauvage, Direction des Etudes et de la Recherche, BP 20, 78612 Le Perray en Yvelines cedex, France

Abstract

Serological data on myxoma virus, rabbit haemorrhagic disease (RHD) virus and RHD-like viruses in juvenile rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) trapped in 1995, 1996 and 1997 in two areas of France were analysed. For each disease, the effects of bodyweight, year, month and seropositivity for the other disease were modelled by using logistic regressions. In one area, a model including RHD seropositivity was selected to explain the myxoma virus seropositivity. Models including myxoma virus seropositivity were selected to explain the RHD seropositivity in both areas, and the odds of a rabbit being seropositive to both viruses were 5˙1 and 8˙4 times higher than the odds of a rabbit being seronegative to myxoma virus and seropositive to RHD. The year and bodyweight had significant effects for myxomatosis in one area and for RHD in both areas.

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