Article Text

Management of leishmanial osteolytic lesions in a hypothyroid dog by partial tarsal arthrodesis
  1. J. Franch, DVM, PhD,
  2. P. Lafuente, DVM,
  3. M. C. Diaz-Bertrana, DVM, PhD,
  4. A. Munilla, DVM,
  5. I. Durall, DVM, PhD1,
  6. J. Pastor, DVM, PhD and
  7. E. Torrent, DVM2
  1. 1 Department of Surgery
  2. 2 Department of Internal Medicine,Veterinary School, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain


A five-year-old male boxer, previously diagnosed with leishmaniasis and hypothyroidism, had gradually become unable to bear weight on its left hindlimb. Physical examination revealed a left popliteal lymphadenopathy, mild crepitus, and severe swelling of the left tarsal joint, a radiographic examination of which revealed severe bone destruction of the talus and a periosteal reaction of the calcaneus. Laboratory findings and serological tests suggested an active leishmanial infection, and a Leishmania species was identified by direct cytology of a sample from the osteolytic area and by indirect immunohistochemistry of a bone biopsy. The dog's condition improved when it was treated with meglumine antimonate and allopurinol. Because of the large osteolytic area and the increased use of the affected leg, a partial tarsal arthrodesis was performed to prevent a fracture. Five months after the surgery, the osteolytic area had healed completely and the calcaneus periosteal reaction had disappeared.

Statistics from

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.