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Evaluation of the appicatoion of veteroinary judgement in the pre-emptive cull of contiguous premises during the epidemic of foot-and-mouth disease in Cumbria in 2001
  1. N. Honhold, BVSc, MSc, PhD DipECVPM, MRCVS,
  2. N.M. Taylor, BSc, BVSc, MSc, MRCVS,
  3. A. Wingfield, BVMS, MRCVS,
  4. P. Einshoj, BVMS, MRCVS,
  5. C. Middlemiss, BVMS, MRCVS,
  6. L. Eppink, CertCHP,MRCVS,
  7. R. Wroth, CertCHP, MRCVS and
  8. L.M. Mansley, BVMS, MVM, MRCVS, DEFRA1
  1. 1 Animal Health Divisional Office, Hadrian House,Wavell Drive, Rosehill Industrial Estate, Carlisle CA 52TB
  1. Veterinary Epidemiology Unit, DARD, Dundonald House, Upper Newtownards Road, Belfast BT4 3SB
  2. VEERU, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development Early GAte, PO Box 237, Reading RG6 6AR
  3. 39 Middleton Way, Fen Drayton, Cambridge CB4 5SG
  4. Mordon Lodge, Mordon, Stockton-on-Tees, Cleveland TS1 HD
  5. The Village Veterinary Surgery, 2a Links Road, Longniddry East Lothian EH32 0NG
  6. Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Centre, Penicuik, Midlothian EH25 9RG
  7. 15 Riverside Drive, Furnissdale, Western Australia 6210, Australia
  8. Animal Health Divisional Office, Central Scotland, SEERAD, Strathearn House, Broxden Busineaa Park, Lamberkine Drive, Perth PH1 1RX

Abstract

This paper presents a detailed analysis of the application of contiguous culling in Cumbria between May 1 and September 30, during the outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in 2001. The analysis shows that the application of veterinary risk assessment and judgement identified and removed groups of susceptible stock which were at risk of direct transmission of infection and avoided infected animals being left that might have spread the disease. When compared with an automatic contiguous cull, fewer culls were made and some of these were reduced in scale, providing economies in the use of resources. The data suggest that farms contiguous to an infected premises faced a 5 per cent risk of infection by direct transmission and a 12 per cent risk of infection by indirect transmission.

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