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Immunoglobulin A monoclonal gammopathy in two horses with multiple myeloma
  1. N. Puisterla1,
  2. K. G. Magdesian1,
  3. B. A. Stacy2,
  4. W. Vernau2 and
  5. H. E. V. De Cock2
  1. 1 Department of Medicine and Epidemiology School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
  2. 2 Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA

Abstract

The clinical findings in two horses with secretory multiple myeloma and secondary immunoglobulin A (IgA) monoclonal gammopathy were non-specific and included weight loss, pale mucous membranes, limb oedema and bacterial respiratory tract infection. Consistent laboratory abnormalities included hyperproteinaemia, hyperglobulinaemia, hypoalbuminaemia and hypercalcaemia. The diagnosis was based on the presence of IgA monoclonal gammopathy in serum and urine and bone marrow plasmacytosis (>10 per cent). One horse was euthanased; it had neoplastic plasma cell infiltrates in its kidneys, spleen, liver, bone marrow, myocardium and adrenal glands. The other horse was treated for a bacterial pneumonia and was still alive six months after it was first examined.

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