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Four-year survey of urinary tract infections in calves in Israel
  1. I. Yeruham, DrMedVet, PhD1,
  2. D. Elad, DVM, PhD2,
  3. Y. Avidar, BSc2,
  4. T. Goshen, DVM1 and
  5. E. Asis, DVM3
  1. 1 ‘Hachaklait’ Gedera and the Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
  2. 2 Kimron Veterinary Institute, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
  3. 3 ‘Hachaklait’, Gezer, Israel

Abstract

The prevalence of urinary tract infections in calves aged seven days to three months in three dairy cattle herds ranged from 0.5 to 1.6 per cent, with an average of 1.1 per cent. The mortality rate reached 16-1 per cent. The morbidity rate of the female calves was 1.4 per cent and that of the male calves 0.8 per cent. The bacteria isolated from urine, and from vaginal and preputial swabs were Escherichia coli (35 per cent), Corynebacterium renale (14 per cent), plasma coagulase-negative Staphylococcus species (12 per cent), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (12 per cent), Proteus species (12 per cent) and Arcanobacterium pyogenes (5 per cent). The affected calves had a significantly lower serum concentration of inorganic phosphorus (P<O-01).

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