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Seroepidemiological survey of Bordetella bronchiseptica and canine parainfluenza-2 virus in dogs in Sweden
  1. L. Englund, DVM, PhD1,
  2. A. A. C. Jacobs, PhD2,
  3. B. Klingeborn, DVM, PhD3 and
  4. M. Chriél, DVM4
  1. 1 Department of Small Animals
  2. 2 Bacteriological Research Department, Intervet International BV, PO Box 31, 5830 AA Boxmeer, The Netherlands
  3. 3 Department of Virology, National Veterinary Institute, SE-751 89 Uppsala, Sweden
  4. 4 Danish Dairy Board, Frederiks Alle 22, DK-8000 Arhus, Denmark

Abstract

The prevalence of antibodies against Bordetella bronchiseptica and canine parainfluenza-2 virus (CPiV-2) was investigated in a population of 302 pet dogs in Sweden. Sera were analysed for B bronchiseptica-specific immunoglobulin G by means of an ELISA, and for CPiV-2 specific neutralising antibody by means of a haemagglutination inhibition test. B bronchiseptica had a seroprevalence of 22 per cent and CPiV-2 had a seroprevalence of 28 per cent. The two pathogens did not appear to circulate together. The crowding of dogs together was significantly associated with the seroprevalence of CPiV-2, but not with the seroprevalence of B bronchiseptica. The dogs' ages, gender or their Federation Cynologique Internationale breed group affiliation was not correlated with the seroprevalence of either pathogen.

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