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Pathogenicity of three isolates of porcine respiratory coronavirus in the USA
  1. P. G. Halbur, DVM, PhD1,
  2. F. J. Pallarés, DVM, PhD2,
  3. T. Opriessnig, DVM1,
  4. E. M. Vaughn, PhD3 and
  5. P. S. Paul, DVM, PhD4
  1. 1 College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
  2. 2 Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Murcia, 30071 Murcia, Spain
  3. 3 Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health, Ames, IA 50010, USA
  4. 4 University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA

Abstract

The pathogenicity of three isolates of porcine respiratory coronavirus (AR310, LEPP and 1894) from the USA was assessed in specific pathogen-free pigs. Pigs inoculated with 1894 developed mild respiratory disease and pigs inoculated with AR31o and LEPP developed moderate respiratory disease from four to 10 days after they were inoculated, but all the pigs recovered fully by 14 days after inoculation. Gross and microscopic examination revealed mild (1894) to moderate (AR31o and LEPP) multifocal bronchointerstitial pneumonia from four to 10 days after inoculation. The lesions were characterised by necrotising bronchiolitis, septal infiltration with mononuclear cells, and a mixed alveolar exudate. No clinical signs or microscopic lesions were observed in control pigs that had not been inoculated.

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