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Retrospective study of 46 cases of feline haemobartonellosis in Israel and their relationships with FeLV and FIV infections
  1. S. Harrus, DVM, PhD1,
  2. E. Klement, DVM1,
  3. I. Aroch, DVM1,
  4. T. Stein, DVM1,
  5. H. Bark, BVSc, PhD1,
  6. E. Lavy, DVM1,
  7. M. Mazaki-Tovi, DVM1 and
  8. G. Baneth, DVM, PhD1
  1. 1 School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel

Abstract

Forty-six cats with clinical haemobartonellosis were studied; 75 per cent of the cats of known age were two-and-a-half years old or younger, 50 per cent were intact males and 19.5 per cent were castrated males. The predominant signs of the disease were tachypnoea, lethargy, depression, anorexia, infestation with fleas, pale mucous membranes, icterus, emaciation, dehydration, splenomegaly, anaemia, leucocytosis, increased activities of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, and azotaemia. Thirty-eight per cent of the cats that were tested for feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) antigen were positive, and 22 per cent of those tested for feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) antibodies were positive. The prevalence of both FeLV and FIV was much higher than in the general Israeli cat population. The cats infected with both Haemobartonella felis and FeLV had a significantly lower body temperature, were more anaemic and the mean cell volume of their erythrocytes was greater than in the cats with haemobartonellosis alone.

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