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Effect of different methods of administration of ivermectin on its efficacy against the shedding of gastrointestinal nematode eggs by gazelles
  1. J. Ortiz, PhD1,
  2. M. R. Ruiz de Ybañez, PhD1,
  3. M. Goyena, PhD1,
  4. F. Alonso, PhD1,
  5. T. Abaigar, PhD2,
  6. G. Espeso, DVM2 and
  7. M. Cano, PhD2
  1. 1 Parasitologia y Enfermedades parasitarias, Facultad de Veterinaria, 30100 Espinardo, Murcia, Spain
  2. 2 Estación Experimental de Zonas Aridas (CSIC) c/General Segura 1, 04004 Almeria, Spain

Abstract

Seven different methods of administering ivermectin to gazelles were compared: subcutaneous injection, direct oral administration, administration in individual feeds, administration in a herd feed, direct oral administration of a second ivermectin formulation, administration in individual water supplies, and administration in the herd's water supply. The first five treatments were effective, as monitored by faecal egg count reduction tests, and administration in individual feeds or in a herd feed avoided the need to capture the animals, with the attendant risk of mortality. Of the factors associated with the recipients (species, sex, age and inbreeding coefficient) age was the only significant factor for the efficacy of the treatment. Oral or subcutaneous, individual or collective, and direct or indirect administrations were equally satisfactory for the treatment of all the parasite groups studied. Only when parasitic problems were due to Nematodirus species did direct administration to individual animals appear to be preferable.

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