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Seroprevalence and antibiotic sensitivity of serotypes of Salmonella enterica in Greek pig herds
  1. E. Grafanakis, DVM1,
  2. C. Genigeorgis, DVM,MPVM, PhD1 and
  3. L. Leontides, DVM,MPVM, PhD2
  1. 1 Department of Food Hygiene and Technology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotelian University, 54006 Thessaloniki, Greece
  2. 2 Laboratory of Epidemiology and Economics of Animal Production, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Thessaly, 43100 Karditsa, Greece

Abstract

Blood samples were taken from 50 pigs in each of 59 farrow-to-finish production herds and from 40 pigs in each of four of five registered multiplying herds. Samples of feed and faeces were also collected from 17 of the production herds and from the four multiplying herds. The sera were tested for antibodies to Salmonella enterica by the Danish mix-ELISA, and the organisms were isolated, serotyped and sensitivity tested by standard techniques. The average within-herd seroprevalence was 3.4 per cent and at least one pig tested seropositive in 21 of the 59 herds. In the multiplying herds, only a single seroreactor was detected. Salmonellae were isolated from only five of 95 feed samples, from two of the 17 herds sampled, Salmonella tennessee in four of five samples from one herd and an untypable strain in one of five samples from another. Four infected faecal samples were detected in four herds; they harboured Salmonella typhimurium, Salmonella bredeney or Salmonella london. No salmonellae were isolated from the samples of feed and faeces taken from the multiplying herds. The S london and S typhimurium had a low sensitivity to streptomycin, kanamycin and neomycin, and the S typhimurium also had low sensitivity to amoxycillin, ticarcillin, piperacillin, amoxycillin + clavulanic acid, cefalotin and cefoperazone. The other isolates were sensitive to all the antimicrobial agents tested.

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